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Technical Note DV22
CD-ROM Driver Calls

CONTENTS

This Technical Note discusses the public interface to the Apple CD-ROM driver. This information supersedes the "Macintosh CD-ROM Device Driver" chapter of the AppleCD SC Developer's Guide. If you're writing special purpose application software that needs to access the audio or data portions of a CD-ROM directly, this Note will be of interest to you.

[Apr 06 1999]






Topics

  • Status & Control calls for the Apple CD-ROM Driver.
  • Differences between the various Apple CD-ROM drives.

This Technote describes version 4.0.X through version 5.2.X of the Apple CD-ROM driver. Previous versions of the Apple CD-ROM driver are documented in the AppleCD SC Developer's Guide.

Version 5.2.X History: Version 5.2 adds support for ATAPI CD-ROM drives.

Version 5.1.X History: Version 5.1 adds support for the AppleCD 600, support for multi-session CDs, support for an independent icon for CD-Extra, support for asynchronous calls, and support for playing audio track lists with 5 new calls: SetTrackList, GetTrackList, GetTrackIndex, SetPlayMode, and GetPlayMode.

Version 5.0.X History: Version 5.0 adds support for the AppleCD 300 Plus and three new calls: DriverGestalt, ReturnDeviceIdent, and GetCDFeatures. Version 5.0 is also the first version to support asynchronous I/O using SCSI Manager 4.3. The ReadMCN and ReadISRC calls did not return the correct information in version 4.0.X when using an AppleCD 300. Those two calls now work in version 5.0, but the format of the returned parameters has changed for all drives. Version 5.0.1 fixes the following problems: an empty tray can be ejected using the Eject control call; when third-party SCSI accelerator cards are installed, the driver now sees the CD-ROM drives, and the WhoIsThere call works correctly; and DriverGestalt will no longer modify csParam[0].

Version 4.0.X History: Version 4.0 of the Apple CD-ROM extension was the first version to support dual-speed operation and multiple-session Photo CDs on the AppleCD 300. Version 4.0 also supports single-session Photo CDs on all other Apple CD-ROM drives. Version 4.0 had problems with certain CD-ROMs that used encryption technology to restrict access to files. When the customer was given a decryption key to gain access to a file, the file would not always appear in the Finder. Version 4.0.1 was produced to fix this problem. However, this version was tested only on the Macintosh IIvx and Performa 600. Version 4.0.2 was tested on all Macintosh computers, and a few changes were made to ensure compatibility across the Macintosh product line. Version 4.0.2 corrected problems when sending audio commands using block addressing only. Audio calls using minute-second-frame addressing continued to work correctly.

Audio compact discs and CD-ROM discs conform to two standards, called the Red Book and the Yellow Book. The Red book specifies audio standards; the Yellow book specifies additional standards for CD-ROM. "Red Book" is the common name of the "Compact Disc Digital Audio Standard" standard, CEI IEC 908. When a disc conforms to the Red Book standard, it will usually have "digital audio" printed below the "disc" logo. Most music CDs conform to this standard. "Yellow Book" is the standard for CD-ROM, ISO 10149. When a disc conforms to the Yellow Book, the words "data storage" usually are printed beneath the "disc" logo.

There are several other standards usually associated with CD-ROM technology: the "Green Book" standard defines CD-I (Compact Disc Interactive); "Orange Book" defines write-once compact discs; and "Blue Book" defines CD-Extra (Compact Disc Digital Audio plus Data).

You can get the Red Book and Yellow Book from:

ANSI
Attn: Sales
1430 Broadway
New York, NY 10018
(212) 642-4900

Red Book: CEI IEC 908
Yellow Book: ISO 10149:1989

You can get the Green Book from:

American CD-I Association
11111 Santa Monica, Suite 750
Los Angeles, CA 90025
(310) 444-6619

The other standards are available only to Sony/Philips licensees. Contact Sony or Philips for licensing details.

Beginning with version 4.0 of the Apple CD-ROM software, several new Gestalt selectors are installed by Foreign File Access and various file system translators. Each selector is a version number, as defined in Inside Macintosh volume VI, page VI-3-34. The list includes:

Apple Photo Access

'kpcd'

Foreign File Access

'ufox'

High Sierra File Access

'hscd'

ISO 9660 File Access, version 1.0 through 4.0

'hscd'

ISO 9660 File Access, version 5.0

'iscd'

Audio CD Access

'aucd'


To call the Macintosh driver, you need to understand the possible addressing formats for audio blocks on a CD. The three addressing formats are:

  1. logical block
  2. absolute minute, second, and frame
  3. track number

An audio CD contains up to 74 minutes of sound. (By decreasing the inter-track gap and other tricks, you can put more than 74 minutes of sound on a CD. Doing this is only marginally within the standard. Such CDs may not be playable on all drives.) These minutes are divided into 60 seconds. Each second contains 75 frames. There is a two-second lead-in area at the beginning of the disc that contains table of contents information about the tracks on that CD. You can have a maximum of 99 tracks on a CD.

You can address sound down to the frame level, that is, down to the 1/75th of a second. You can address sound by specifying an absolute block number (e.g., start playing at absolute block 1,234,567 from the start of the disc), or by absolute minute, second, and frame number (e.g., start playing at minute 42, second 30, frame 15 on the disc), or by logical track number (e.g., start playing at track 2).

The driver requires that the logical track number or absolute minute-second-frame numbers be specified in BCD (e.g., the decimal number 12 is stored as hex 0x0012, not as 0x000C).

Optical Positioning Type

Many calls require an optical pick-up positioning type. This is used to specify what kind of address is being used in other parameters of a given call. There are four different optical pick-up positioning types:

Type

Description

0x0000

32-bit Logical Block Address

0x0001

An AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor that gives the running time from the beginning of the disc (in BCD)

0x0002

A track number (in BCD)

0x0003

An index into the driver's track play list


Track Control Field

Many calls return a control field. This field describes the format of the current track, and has the following values:

Bits
3210

Function

00x0

2 audio channels without pre-emphasis

00x1

2 audio channels with pre-emphasis

10x0

4 audio channels without pre-emphasis

10x1

4 audio channels with pre-emphasis

01x0

data track

01x1

reserved

11xx

reserved

xx0x

digital copy prohibited

xx1x

digital copy permitted


Audio Play Mode

Many calls require a play mode. This field describes how to play the audio track, and this field has the following values:

Bits 3210

Effect

0000

Muting on (no audio)

0001

Right channel through right channel only

0010

Left channel through right channel only

0011

Left and right channel through right channel only *

0100

Right channel through left channel only

0101

Right channel through left and right channel

0110

Right channel through left channel, left channel through right channel

0111

Right channel through left channel, left and right channel through right channel *

1000

Left channel through left channel only

1001

Left channel through left channel, right channel through right channel (stereo)

1010

Left channel through left and right channel

1011

Left channel through left channel, left and right channel through right channel *

1100

Left and right channel through left channel *

1101

Left and right channel through left channel, right channel through right channel *

1110

Left and right channel through left channel, left channel through right channel *

1111

Left and right channel through left channel, left and right channel through right channel (monaural) *


*Not available on AppleCD 300 Plus

In the absolute minute-second-frame address, the ranges are as follows:

Minutes

00 to 99 (effectively, from 00 to 75)

Seconds

00 to 59

Frames

00 to 74


Making a High-Level Driver Call

The Apple CD-ROM driver does not conform to the normal design of a driver. In particular, the Apple CD-ROM driver returns some additional status information in some of its control calls, and expects to receive some additional control information in some of its status calls. The high-level control and status calls weren't designed with this in mind. The glue for control does not fill in the csParamPtr field with the results of any changes due to a control call, and the glue for status does not use the csParam field passed in as part of the call it creates on the stack. Do not use high-level control and status calls to access the Apple CD-ROM driver; use only the PBControl and PBStatus calls.

Making a Low-Level Driver Call

The low-level calls require that you pass in two parameters: a pointer to a parameter block, and a flag indicating synchronous or asynchronous completion. You must fill in the parameter block yourself, and may find it easier to define your own custom parameter block variants for the various calls. Here's some example MPW C code to get audio status:

#include <Devices.h>

short gDrvRefNum;         // set up somewhere else

// this is a custom version of the CntrlParam parameter
// block defined on page II-181 and II-183 or in
// Devices.h

#if PRAGMA_STRUCT_ALIGN
    #pragma options align=mac68k
#endif
typedef struct {
    QElemPtr qLink;
    int qType;
    int ioTrap;
    Ptr ioCmdAddr;
    ProcPtr ioCompletion;
    OsErr ioResult;
    StringPtr ioNamePtr;
    int ioVRefNum;
    int ioRefNum;
    int csCode;
    // Everything below this replaces: short csParam[11]
    unsigned char status;
    unsigned char play;
    unsigned char control;
    unsigned char minute;
    unsigned char second;
    unsigned char frame;
    char unused[16]; // for the rest
} CDCntrlParam;
#if PRAGMA_STRUCT_ALIGN
    #pragma options align=reset
#endif

// GetAudioStuff
//     requires one input, the driver reference number that we
//     got by calling PBOpen().
//     fills in six parameters with appropriate information
//     from the driver call.
//     We're assuming that only one CD player is attached.
//     To generalize this code, fill in the ioVRefNum dynamically.

OSErr GetAudioStuff(status, play, control, minute, second, frame)
unsigned char *status, *play, *control, *minute, *second, *frame;
{
    OSErr result;
    CDCntrlParam myPB;
    myPB.ioCompletion = 0;
    myPB.ioVRefNum = 1; // assuming only 1 volume
    myPB.ioRefNum = gDrvRefNum; // determined elsewhere
    myPB.csCode = 107;
    result = PBControl(&myPB, false);
    if (result == noErr)
    {
    *status = myPB.status;
    *play = myPB.play;
    *control = myPB.control;
    *minute = myPB.minute;
    *second = myPB.second;
    *frame = myPB.frame;
    }
    return(result);
}

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Driver Summary

Name

.AppleCD

Conventions

  • Each call description will follow this format:
  • Function Name

A detailed description of the device driver function is given here.

  • Input Parameters:

Relevant csCode and csParam[] requirements are listed here.

  • Output Produced:

Any returned data is listed here.

  • Status Return Codes:

A list of possible status return codes this function can return are listed here.

  • Reserved fields are assumed to be filled with zeros, to ensure compatibility with future releases of the driver.
  • Several status return codes are generic to any driver call and will not be repeated within each call description. Suggested possible meanings for these error codes are given in Inside Macintosh. The generic status return codes are:

controlErr
badUnitErr
notOpenErr
ioErr
wPrErr
paramErr
offLinErr

  • All control calls not listed below will return controlErr.

Supported Control Calls

csCode

Function

Name Description


Standard Driver Calls

1

 

KillIO

Interrupt all asynchronous driver operations.

5

 

VerifyTheDisc

Verify the data on the disc.

6

 

FormatTheDisc

Format the disc.

7

 

EjectTheDisc

Eject disc from drive.

21

 

GetDriveIcon

Return ICN# information for the drive hardware.

22

 

GetMediaIcon

Return ICN# information for the drive media.

23

 

DriveInfo

Return drive characteristics information.

65

 

accRun

Driver-specific needTime code.


Special CD-ROM Control Calls

70

 

SetPowerMode

Allow users to set the power mode of a CD-ROM drive.

76

 

ModifyPostEvent

Enable/disable PostEvent()s for non-HFS discs.

79

 

SetBlockSize

Modify block size of device.

80

 

SetUserEject

Enable/disable the button on the front of the CD-ROM device.

81

 

SetPollFreq

Modify period of the VBL/dNeedTime task execution.

1079

 

Quiescence

Enable/Disable the CD driver Quiescence mode.


Audio track Control Calls

100

 

ReadTOC

Return a disc's Table of Contents (TOC) information.

101

 

ReadTheQSubcode

Return Q-Subcode information.

102

 

ReadHeader

Return 4-byte header information for a specified block.

103

 

AudioTrackSearch

Search disc for a specified track.

104

 

AudioPlay

Cause drive to play a given range of audio.

105

 

AudioPause

Cause drive to enter/exit the Hold Track State.

106

 

AudioStop

Specify an address to cause the CD-ROM to stop.

107

 

AudioStatus

Request the play status information from a drive.

108

 

AudioScan

Cause drive to fast-forward/reverse.

109

 

AudioControl

Set volume level for drive (not available on AppleCD SC).

110

 

ReadMCN

Return Media Catalog Number (not available on AppleCD SC).

111

 

ReadISRC

Return International Standard Recording Code (not available on AppleCD SC).

112

 

ReadAudioVolume

Return Audio Volume Control Data (not available on AppleCD SC).

113

 

GetSpindleSpeed

Return the current spindle speed.

114

 

SetSpindleSpeed

Set the spindle speed.

115

 

ReadAudio

Return digital audio data (not supported by AppleCD SC, SC Plus/AppleCD 150).

116

 

ReadAllSubcodes

Return subcodes while playing audio (not supported by AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus/AppleCD 150).


Audio track list Control Calls

122

 

SetTrackList

Set the audio tracks playlist.

123

 

GetTrackList

Get the current audio tracks playlist.

124

 

GetTrackIndex

Get the current audio tracks playlist index.

125

 

SetPlayMode

Set the audio tracks play mode (including repeat).

126

 

GetPlayMode

Get the current audio tracks play mode (including repeat).


Special System Control Calls

-1

 

GoodBye

Executes necessary cleanup before shutdown.


Supported Status Calls

csCode

 

Function Name

Description

8

 

DriveStatus

Provides drive/disc information about a specified device ID.

43

 

DriverGestalt

Returns various driver information.

70

 

GetPowerMode

Returns the current power mode of a CD drive at a given device ID.

95

 

Get2KOffset

Returns last Prime call's offset from start of 2K physical block.

96

 

GetDriveType

Returns the type of CD drive at a given device ID.

98

 

GetBlockSize

Returns the block size of the disc at a given device ID.

120

 

ReturnDeviceIdent

Returns the DeviceIdent of the CD-ROM drive.

121

 

GetCDFeatures

Returns various CD-ROM drive features (spindle speed, drawer or tray type, etc.).


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Control Call Descriptions


KillIO

The purpose of this call is to allow the interruption of all asynchronous device driver operations. This call is not supported and returns noErr if called.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

1

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.

Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only expected status return code.



VerifyTheDisc

The purpose of this call is to ensure the validity of the data on the disc. Since CD-ROMs cannot be changed (they are read-only, as the name implies), when this control call is made, the CD-ROM driver will return noErr (as long as a disc is mounted). If no disc is mounted, the CD-ROM driver will return offLinErr.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

5

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.

Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

The entire disc was successfully verified with no errors detected.

 

offLinErr

No disc inserted at the specified device ID.



FormatTheDisc

The purpose of this call is to format and initialize the CD-ROM disc for use in the Macintosh. However, a CD-ROM cannot be modified after it has been pressed, so this command always returns a writErr status code.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

6

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.

Status Return Codes:

 

writErr

This control call is not valid for this device.



EjectTheDisc

The purpose of this call is to cause a disc eject at a specified device ID. First, a Prevent/Allow Medium Removal command is issued to reactivate the external Eject button on the front panel of the CD-ROM drive. Then, the specified device is sent an "eject" command to eject the disc. Next, the dNeedTime flag in the specified device ID's DCE is set so that new disc insertions will be periodically checked for (see the accRun control call for more details). Finally, the drive queue entry associated with this drive is marked as being Off-Line and Ejected.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

7

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.

Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

The entire disc was successfully ejected.

 

offLinErr

No disc inserted at the specified device ID.



GetDriveIcon

The purpose of this call is to return ICN#-style icon data and name string that is typically displayed by the Startup Disk Control Panel module. The drive icon is the same as the media icon in this driver. There is no true drive icon because there is no way of determining if an internal or external drive should represented. Starting on version 5.1, the driver returns a special icon when a CD-Extra is present in the drive, and a generic icon when any other type of CD is present. See Figure 1 for a picture of the icons returned.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

21

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0-1]

Address of ICN# and name string.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.


dv22.1.gif

 

dv22.2.gif

 

 

 

Generic CD icon

 

CD-Extra icon


Figure 1: Icons returned by GetDriveIcon control call
GetMediaIcon

The purpose of this call is to return ICN#-style icon data and name string that is displayed whenever the disc media is shown. This icon can be seen on the desktop or when the "Get Info" (Cmd-I) command from the Finder is executed under System 7. See Figure 2 for a picture of the icons returned.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

22

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0-1]

Address of ICN# and name string.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.


dv22.1.gif

 

dv22.2.gif

 

 

 

Generic CD icon

 

CD-Extra icon


Figure 2 : Icons returned by GetDriveIcon control call


DriveInfo

The purpose of this call is to return information describing drive characteristics for the specified device ID. The values to be returned are defined in Inside Macintosh, volume V, pages 470-471. The 32-bit value returned by the Apple CD-ROM driver is $00000B01. Bits 7-0 equal to 0x01 means that this is an "unspecified" drive. Bit 8 equal to 1 means that this is an "external" drive (this will be set even if the drive is actually mounted internally). Bit 9 equal to 1 means that this is a SCSI drive (this will be set even if the drive is actually an ATAPI drive). Bit 10 equal to 0 means that this is a removable media drive. Bit 11 equal to 1 means that this is a "secondary" drive. All other bits are reserved.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

23

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0-1]

Drive information ($00000B01).


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



accRun

The purpose of this call is to perform operations required by the driver on an "as-needed" basis.

There is no need for an application to issue this call. Almost all Macintosh programs make a call to the MacOS routine SystemTask(), and one of the functions of that routine is occasionally to make some CPU time available to all devices that request it by executing its accRun call. (See Inside Macintosh, Volume II, pg. 189 for a further discussion of accRun). This is done by setting the dNeedTime flag in the Device Control Entry (DCE) for a given device.

Since the CD-ROM device is a removable media device and does not generate interrupts when a disc is inserted, the only way to detect disc insertion is by occasionally polling all devices known by the driver to be "empty" (disc is not inserted or is still off-line). So, the main function of the accRun control call is testing for disc insertions.

In addition, during the Macintosh boot process, if the driver is installed before the System file is read in, the driver cannot install its custom CD-ROM Disk Switch subroutine. When the System file is read in and installed, it will overwrite the low-memory global that defines the address of the standard Disk Switch routine. So, the installation of our custom Disk Switch routine is held off until the first invocation of SystemTask(). At that time, the System file has already been loaded and the standard Disk Switch routine has been initialized. The accRun control call also handles track play lists.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

65

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



SetPowerMode

The purpose of this call is to select the power mode of a CD-ROM drive. The currently available power modes are:

  • pmActive
  • pmStandby
  • pmIdle
  • pmSleep

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

70

 

csParam[0]:15-8

New power mode to be set:

 

 

0 -- Active, normal operation.

 

 

1 -- Standby, minimal energy-saving state.

 

 

2 -- Idle, substantial energy-saving state.

 

 

3 -- Sleep, maximum energy-saving state.

 

csParam[0]:7-0

Reserved.

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Drive set to the new power mode.

 

paramErr

Invalid power mode sent to the driver.



ModifyPostEvent

The purpose of this call is to allow an application to modify the driver's behavior when non-HFS discs are inserted into the CD-ROM drive. The default action of the driver is to post a disc-inserted event for all discs that are inserted into the CD-ROM drive, regardless of whether or not the disc actually contains valid partition information and HFS file system. There may be some reason why the driver should not post the disc-inserted event and this call allows that "feature" to be turned off. When this feature is turned off for a specified device ID, it will stay off until it is reactivated via another call to ModifyPostEvent, or until the machine is restarted.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

76

 

 

csParam[0]

0

-- Do not issue disc-insert events for non-HFS CD-ROM discs

 

 

¬0

-- Issue disc-insert events for non-HFS CD-ROM discs

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved

 


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



ChangeBlockSize

The purpose of this call is to allow an application to modify the "block size" the drive is currently using to read data. The standard HFS file system block size is 512 bytes/block. Applications and file system translators dealing with non-HFS file systems may require other block sizes to read their data correctly.

The supported block sizes are 512, 2048, 2056, 2336, 2340, 2352, 2646, and 2647 bytes. The AppleCD SC cannot handle block sizes of 2056, 2352, 2646, and 2647 bytes. The AppleCD SC Plus cannot handle block sizes of 2352, 2646, and 2647 bytes.

The following tables show the type of data that is returned for each of the valid block sizes:

CD-ROM Mode 1 Data Format:

Block Size
(bytes)

Block Contents
(size in bytes)

512

User data (512)

2048

User data (2048)

2336

User data (2048) + EDC (4) + Zero (8) + ECC (276)

2340

Header (4) + User data (2048) + EDC (4) + Zero (8) + ECC (276)

2352

Sync (12) + Header (4) + User data (2048) + EDC (4) + Zero (8) + ECC (276)


CD-ROM Mode 2 Data Format:

Block Size
(bytes)

Block Contents
(size in bytes)

2336

Mode 2 User data (2336)

2340

Header (4) + Mode 2 User data (2336)

2352

Sync (12) + Header (4) + Mode 2 User data (2336)


CD-ROM Mode 2 Form 1 Data Format (CD-XA or CD-I):

Block Size
(bytes)

Block Contents
(size in bytes)

512

User data (512)

2048

User data (2048)

2056

Subheader (8) + User data (2048)

2336

Subheader (8) + User data (2048) + EDC (4) + ECC (276)

2340

Header (4) + Subheader (8) + User data (2048) + EDC (4) + ECC (276)

2352

Sync (12) + Header (4) + Subheader (8) + User data (2048) + EDC (4) + ECC (276)

2646

Sync (12) + Header (4) + Subheader (8) + User data (2048) + EDC (4) + ECC (276) + Byte Error Flags (294)

2647

Sync (12) + Header (4) + Subheader (8) + User data (2048) + EDC (4) + ECC (276) + Block Error Flag (1) + Byte Error Flags (294)


CD-ROM Mode 2 Form 2 Data Format (CD-XA or CD-I):

Block Size
(bytes)

Block Contents
(size in bytes)

2336

Subheader (8) + User data (2324) + Reserved or EDC (4)

2340

Header (4) + Subheader (8) + User data (2324) + Reserved or EDC (4)

2352

Sync (12) + Header (4) + Subheader (8) + User data (2324) + Reserved or EDC (4)

2646

Sync (12) + Header (4) + Subheader (8) + User data (2324) + Reserved or EDC (4) + Byte Error Flags (294)

2647

Sync (12) + Header (4) + Subheader (8) + User data (2324) + Reserved or EDC (4) + Block Error Flag (1) + Byte Error Flags (294)


Input Parameters:

 

csCode

79

 

csParam[0]

Block size the drive should use from now on.

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

The block size change completed successfully.

 

paramErr

An invalid block size was specified.



SetUserEject

The purpose of this call is to allow the user to enable/disable the physical Eject button on the front of the CD-ROM device while a disc is in the drive.

The CD-ROM device does not generate an interrupt when a disc is inserted or ejected, so if the button is left active we have no way of accurately knowing whether or not there is really a disc in the drive. The MacOS assumes it has final say over when an ejectable disc is actually ejected, and issues an EjectTheDisc control call when it wishes to eject the disc.

This call provides a method to disable/enable the manual eject button for the drive on the specified device ID. Internal variables are maintained for each device ID that reflect the current state of the manual eject button. If the button is enabled, the driver sets the dNeedTime flag in the appropriate DCE, telling the driver to periodically poll the device to see whether a disc has been ejected, or inserted. This is the only way the driver has to ensure the validity of its global variables in this situation. When a disc is inserted, the button setting reverts back to disabled.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

80

 

 

csParam[0]

1

Enable the manual eject button.

 

 

¬1

Disable the manual eject button. {default}

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.

 


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

The button was successfully enabled/disabled.

 

offLinErr

No disc inserted in the drive.



SetPollFreq

The purpose of this call is to allow an application to specify a polling frequency (in Macintosh time ticks) different from the driver default value (120). This polling frequency is the value used for determining how often the accRun control call is issued, as well as the polling frequency for a VBL task initiated during the execution of the driver's custom Disk Switch routine.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

81

 

csParam[0]

Number of Macintosh ticks to be used for polling frequency.

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.

 

 

 


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



Quiescence

The purpose of this call is to allow the user to enable/disable the driver quiescent mode. This is used when an application wishes to communicate directly to the drive, in effect bypassing the CD driver. In this case the procedure for communicate directly with the drive, is as follows:

  1. Wake up the drive using the SetPowerMode command.

  2. Place the driver into quiescent mode.
During quiescent mode, the driver will be completely inactive. Note that if the driver is not put into quiescent mode immediately after it awakens the drive, the driver will during the first accRun put that empty drive back to sleep.
  1. After the application is done talkimg to the drive, remove the driver from quiescent mode.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

1079

 

 

csParam[0]

0

Enable Quiescence.

 

 

1

Disable Quiescence.

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.

 


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Quiescence mode was successfully enabled/disabled.



ReadTOC

The purpose of this call is to allow an application to receive various types of Table Of Contents (TOC) data from the drive. There are six varieties of the ReadTOC call:

csParam[0]
(word)

Description

1

Transfers the first track number of the first (or only) session and the last track number of the last (or only) session.
AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus, and AppleCD 150: Transfers the first and last user track number (in BCD) of the first (or only) session.

2

Transfers the starting address of the Lead Out area of the last (or only) session in BCD MIN-SEC-FRAME format.
AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus, and AppleCD 150: Transfers the starting address of the Lead Out area of the first (or only) session in BCD MIN-SEC-FRAME format.

3

Transfers the starting address of each track in a range of specified tracks, starting from the specified starting track and proceeding in ascending order until the specified buffer is filled or the data for the last track on the disc is transferred, whichever is less. Four bytes of information are transferred to describe the starting address.
AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus, and AppleCD 150: Only the first session TOC information can be accessed in a multi-session disc.

4

Transfers the entire table of contents for a disc (all track entries and points A0, A1, and A2) to the specified buffer.
AppleCD SC: Not available.

5

Transfers information about the number of sessions on the disc and the location of the last session.
AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus, and AppleCD 150: Not available.

6

Transfers all Q-subcode entries in the lead-in areas of a disc (including TOC information), starting from the specified session number and proceeding in ascending order until the specified buffer is filled, or the data for the last Q-subcode entry on the disc is transferred, whichever is less.
AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus, and AppleCD 150: Not available.


For transfer types 1, 2, and 5, the TOC information is returned directly in the caller's csParam[0-10] array. For types 3, 4, and 6, the caller is required to specify a buffer to place the information into. In the case of a type 4 transfer, the buffer must be 512 bytes long.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

100

For Type 1:

 

 

 

csParam[0]

The transfer type value 1.

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.

For Type 2:

 

 

 

csParam[0]

The transfer type value 2.

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.

For Type 3:

 

csParam[0]

The transfer type value 3.

 

csParam[1-2]

The address of a buffer to return the requested information.

 

csParam[3]

The size of the buffer specified in csParam[1-2], in bytes.

 

csParam[4]

The MSByte (the upper 8 bits) of this 16-bit word must contain the starting track number (in BCD).

For Type 4 (Not available on AppleCD SC):

 

csParam[0]

The transfer type value 4.

 

csParam[1-2]

The address of a buffer to return the requested information.

For Type 5 (Not available on AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus, and AppleCD):

 

csParam[0]

The transfer type value 5.

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.

For Type 6 (Not available on AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus, and AppleCD):

 

csParam[0]

The transfer type value 6.

 

csParam[1-2]

The address of a buffer to return the requested information.

 

csParam[3]

The size of the buffer specified in csParam[1-2], in bytes.

 

csParam[4]

The MSByte (the upper 8 bits) of this 16-bit word must contain the starting session number (in BCD).


Output Produced:

For Type 1:

 

csParam[0]:15-8

First user track number (in BCD).

 

csParam[0]:7-0

Last user track number (in BCD).


For Type 2:

 

csParam[0]:15-8

MIN field of a MIN-SEC-FRAME descriptor that describes the Lead Out starting address (in BCD).

 

csParam[0]:7-0

SEC field of the Lead Out starting address descriptor.

 

csParam[1]:15-8

FRAME field of the Lead Out starting address descriptor.


For Type 3:

The user must specify a return buffer address and the size of the buffer. The buffer is filled with 4-byte entries for each track in the requested range. Each entry is of the form:

Entry (byte offset)

Contents

 

0

Bits 7-4:

Reserved.

 

Bits 3-0:

Control Field (see Track Control Field at the beginning of this document for more information).

1

The MIN field of a MIN-SEC-FRAME descriptor that describes the start of the associated track.

2

The SEC field of the track starting address descriptor.

3

The FRAME field of the track starting address descriptor.


Note: no entries will be returned for data tracks on CD-I discs.

For Type 4 (Not available on AppleCD SC):

The user must specify a return buffer address. The buffer must be 512 bytes long, and is filled with the entire table of contents, which is returned in the form:

 

Entry
(byte offset)

Contents

 

0

Reserved.

 

1-5

TOC entry for point A0 (first track number).

 

6-10

TOC entry for point A1 (last track number).

 

11-15

TOC entry for point A2 (address of beginning of lead out area).

 

16-20

TOC entry for track 1.

 

.

.

 

 

.

.

 

 

.

.

 

 

506-510

TOC entry for track 99.


Each five-byte entry is of the form:

 

Entry
(byte offset)

Contents

 

0

Reserved.

 

 

 

Bits 7-4:

Reserved.

 

 

Bits 3-0:

Control Field (see Track Control Field at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

1

Point or track number.

 

2

PMIN.

 

3

PSEC.

 

4

PFRAME.


Note: this option is not valid for the AppleCD SC drive.

Type 5 (Not available on AppleCD SC, APPLECD SC Plus, and AppleCD 150):

 

csParam[0]

The first session number (in BCD).

 

csParam[1]

The last session number (in BCD).

 

csParam[2]

First track number of last session (in BCD).

 

csParam[3]:15-12

Reserved

 

csParam[3]:11-8

Control Field of first track in last session. (see Track Control Field at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[3]:7-0

The MIN field of a MIN-SEC-FRAME descriptor that describes the start of the first track of the last session (in BCD).

 

csParam[4]:15-8

The SEC field of the track starting address descriptor (in BCD).

 

csParam[4]:7-0

The FRAME field of the track starting address descriptor (in BCD).


For Type 6 (Not available on AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus, and AppleCD 150):

The user must specify a return buffer address and the size of the buffer. The buffer is filled with a 4-byte header and 8-byte entries for each Q-subcode entry in the requested range. The first three entries are for points A0, A1, and A2, and are followed by the track entries for that session. After that, the Q-subcode entries are sorted in ascending order using the ADR field and within each ADR group by ascending order of the POINT field. This pattern is repeated for each session on the disc.

The 4-byte header is of the form:

Header
(byte offset)

Contents

0-1

Total number of TOC data bytes transferred excluding these two length bytes.

2

First session number on the disc (in BCD).

3

Last session number on the disc (in BCD).


Each TOC entry is of the form:

Entry (byte offset)

Contents

 

0

The session number (in hex).

1

Bits 7-4:

ADR field, i.e., Q-subcode mode field

 

Bits 3-0:

Control Field (see Track Control Field at the beginning of this document for more information)

2

TNO - Track number.

3

POINT.

 

4

MIN.

 

5

SEC.

 

6

FRAME.

 

7

ZERO.

 

8

PMIN.

 

9

PSEC.

 

10

PFRAME.

 


The values come directly from the disc and will be in either BCD or hexadecimal format, depending on the field. The session number, ADR/Control and POINT fields are in hexadecimal. All other fields are in BCD. For more information on the format of the TOC, please refer to the "Yellow Book" specification for CD-ROM discs, ISO 10149.

In some early CD-300 units, the values for Entries 2 and 3 are swapped. This is due to a firmware bug, which was corrected on later drives. You should always OR the two values together to always receive the proper value.

Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

TOC data successfully retrieved.

 

paramErr

An invalid TOC type specified. This can happen due to the TOC type being out of range, or due to the call not being supported by the drive in question (e.g., Type 6 call issued to AppleCD SC drive).



ReadTheQSubcode

The purpose of this call is to allow an application access to the Q-subcode information for the current track. The current track is the track that the optical pickup is currently over on a disc.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

101

 

csParam[0-4]

Reserved (Q-Subcode data will be returned here).

 

csParam[5-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]:[15-8]

Control Field information (see Track Control Field at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[0]:[7-0]

Current track number (in BCD).

 

csParam[1]:[15-8]

Current index number in the current track.

 

csParam[1]:[7-0]

MIN field of a MIN-SEC-FRAME descriptor, which describes the relative running time from the beginning of the track.

 

csParam[2]:[15-8]

SEC field for a MIN-SEC-FRAME descriptor.

 

csParam[2]:[7-0]

FRAME field for a MIN-SEC-FRAME descriptor.

 

csParam[3]:[15-8]

AMIN field of an AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor, which describes the relative running time from the beginning of the disc.

 

csParam[3]:[7-0]

ASEC field of an AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor.

 

csParam[4]:[15-8]

AFRAME field of an AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor.

 

csParam[4]:[7-0]

LSB unused.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Q-subcode data successfully retrieved.



ReadHeader

The purpose of this call is to allow the user/application access to the header information for a specified logical block. This information concerns the absolute AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME address of a given logical block (the absolute running time from the beginning of the disc) and the CD-ROM Data Mode of that logical block. If a requested block is within an audio track (CD-DA) of the disc, a paramErr will be returned.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

102

 

csParam[0-1]

32-bit logical block address from which to retrieve Header information.

 

csParam[2-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]:[15-8]

AMIN field of an AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor, which describes the absolute running time from the beginning of the disc. Value is in BCD format.

 

csParam[0]:[7-0]

ASEC field of an AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor. Value is in BCD format.

 

csParam[1]:[15-8]

AFRAME field of an AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor. Value is in BCD format.

 

csParam[1]:[7-0]

CD-ROM data mode of the logical block which defines what type of data will be within the 2048 data bytes and 288 auxiliary bytes of the logical block:


Data Mode

User Data Field
(2048 bytes)

Auxiliary Field
288 bytes)

0

all bytes zero

all bytes zero

1

user data

EDC, L-EC bytes

2

user

data user data


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Header information successfully retrieved.

 

paramErr

The requested block is within an audio track (CD-DA) of the disc.



AudioTrackSearch

The purpose of this call is to position the optical pick-up at the specified audio address. In addition, you can also tell the drive either to start to play at the given address, or to pause at this address until an AudioPlay command is executed and in what Play Mode it should output the audio information.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

103

 

csParam[0]

The optical pick-up positioning address type (see "Optical Positioning Types" at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[1-2]

32-bit value representing the search address required by the corresponding type value in csParam[0] (see above).

 

csParam[3]

A boolean value indicating what the drive should do when positioning of the pick-up is complete:

 

 

0

Enter a Hold Track state ("pause")

 

 

¬0

Start playing the audio track, according to the specified Play Mode.

 

csParam[4]

The "Play Mode" (see "Audio Play Modes" at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[5-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Optical pick-up successfully positioned.

 

paramErr

Invalid type, Play Mode, or Search Address value specified or tried to execute this audio operation on a data track.



AudioPlay

The purpose of this call is to position the optical pick-up at the specified audio address and begin playback of the audio at that address. It can be similar to the AudioTrackSearch command that automatically begins playing at the specified Search Address (see the documentation on the AudioTrackSearch call for more detail). However, this command can also be used to specify a "Stop Address."

The proper way to use the AudioPlay-related commands is:

 

First, specify where the audio playback should stop, by issuing an AudioPlay command to mark the stopping address.

 

Next, (optionally) to pre-position the optical pick-up where the audio playback should start, by issuing an AudioTrackSearch command and entering the "pause" state.

 

At this point, playback can then be started by an AudioPlay or AudioTrackSearch command and the drive will play audio until it reaches the position marked by the first AudioPlay command.


If no stop address is specified before issuing the actual play command, the current active stop address in the drive may be lower than the address at which we are trying to play audio, causing the drive to return an error when the play command is issued.

This model should always be followed irregardless of the audio play mode to be used, even when playing track lists.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

104

 

csParam[0]

The optical pick-up positioning address type (see "Optical Positioning Types" at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[1-2]

32-bit value representing the search address required by the corresponding type value in csParam[0].

 

csParam[3]

A boolean value indicating whether the address specified in csParam[1-2] is a starting address or a stopping address.

 

 

0

The address specified is a Starting Address.

 

 

¬0

The address specified is a Stopping Address.

 

csParam[4]

The "Play Mode" (see "Audio Play Modes" at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[5-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Operation successful.

 

paramErr

Invalid type, Play Mode, or Search Address value specified or tried to execute this audio operation on a data track.



AudioPause

The purpose of this call is to cause the CD-ROM drive to enter either a Hold Track ("Pause") or Play state.

Note: This command is only valid after the issuance of an AudioTrack Search, or AudioPlay command.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

105

 

 

csParam[0-1]

A (long) boolean value that tells the CD-ROM drive either to pause or continue:

 

 

0

Release the "Pause" state and continue playing at the same Q-subcode address before the last AudioPause.

 

 

1

Enter a Hold Track ("Pause") state.

 

csParam[2-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

CD-ROM device successfully paused or released from pause.

 

paramErr

Invalid pause value specified or tried to execute this audio operation on a data track.



AudioStop

The purpose of this call is to specify an address to the CD-ROM drive at which it should end the current Play operation.

Note: If the optical pick-up positioning address type is 0 and the stop address is also 0, the command will immediately stop the Play operation.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

106

 

csParam[0]

The optical pick-up positioning address type (see "Optical Positioning Types" at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[1-2]

32-bit value representing the stop address required by the corresponding type value in csParam[0].

 

csParam[3-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Optical pick-up successfully positioned.

 

paramErr

Invalid type or Search Address value specified or tried to execute this audio operation on a data track.



AudioStatus

The purpose of this call is to return the current audio play status information and the starting Q-subcode address for the current track. The audio play status information includes the Play Mode, and status and control information for the current track.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

107

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved (Audio Status data will be returned here).


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]:15-8

The Status Field:

 

 

0

Audio Play operation in progress.

 

 

1

CD-ROM device currently in Hold Track ("Pause") state

 

 

2

MUTING-ON operation in progress

 

 

3

Audio Play completed

 

 

4

Error occurred during audio play operation

 

 

5

Audio play operation not requested

 

csParam[0]:7-4

Reserved.

 

csParam[0]:3-0

Play Mode (see "Audio Play Modes" at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[1]:15-12

Reserved.

 

csParam[1]:11-8

The Control Field (see Track Control Field at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[1]:7-0

The AMIN field of an AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor that describes the current Q-subcode.

 

csParam[2]:15-8

The ASEC field of an AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor for the current Q-subcode.

 

csParam[2]:7-0

The AFRAME field of an AMIN-ASEC-AFRAME descriptor for the current Q-subcode.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Status information successfully read.

 

paramErr

Tried to execute this audio operation on a data track.



AudioScan

The purpose of this call is to request the CD-ROM drive to perform a fast-forward or fast-reverse operation starting from a specified address.

Input Parameters:

 

csCode

108

 

csParam[0]

The optical pick-up positioning address type (see "Optical Positioning Types" at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[1-2]

32-bit value representing the search address required by the corresponding type value in csParam[0].

 

csParam[3]

The direction the scan should take place:

 

 

0

Scan in the fast-forward direction

 

 

¬0

Scan in the fast-reverse direction

 

csParam[4-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Optical pick-up successfully positioned.

 

paramErr

Invalid type or Search Address value specified or tried to execute this audio operation on a data track.



AudioControl

The purpose of this call is to set the output volume for the drive's audio channels. Each channel can be given a value from zero to 255, where zero indicates that the channel output is muted, and 255 indicates maximum volume.

Notes:

·

This call can be used even if no disc is mounted.

 

·

Beginning with driver version 4.0.5, the last volume setting used before powering down a drive will be restored when the drive is reinitialized.

 

·

This command is not available on the AppleCD SC.


Input Parameters:

 

csCode

109

 

csParam[0]:15-8

Left channel volume (0-FFh).

 

csParam[0]:7-0

Right Channel volume (0-FFh).

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Audio volume successfully set.


ReadMCN

The purpose of this call is to allow an application access to the Media Catalog Number for the disc.

The Media Catalog Number consists of the UPC/Bar Code information for the disc. The output format was changed from binary data to a Pascal string beginning with driver version 5.0. Applications can check the upper bit of csParam[0] for the MCVal bit. If set, the application can use the version 4.0 output format. If the MCVal is not set, but the upper byte in csParam[0] is not equal to zero, then the application can use the version 5.0 output.

Notes:

This command is not available on the AppleCD SC.

 

Driver version 4.0.X does not return the correct MCN data when using an AppleCD 300.


Input Parameters:

 

csCode

110

 

csParam[0-6]

Reserved (MCN data will be returned here).

 

csParam[7-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced (version 5.X):

 

csParam[0-6]:

Pascal string containing the MCN (UPC/Bar Code). If the string length (upper eight bits of csParam[0]) is zero, an MCN was not found on the disc.


Output Produced (version 4.X):

 

csParam[0]:[15-8]

MCVal bit (bit 15). If this bit is set to one, then the Media Catalog Number data was found and the rest of the returned fields are valid. If this bit is set to zero, then the Media Catalog Number data was not found and the rest of the returned fields are invalid.

 

csParam[0]:[7-0]

MSB of the Media Catalog Number (UPC/Bar Code) data if the MCVal bit is set.

 

csParam[1-7]

Contains the rest of the Media Catalog Number (UPC/Bar Code) data if the MCVal bit is set. The LSB of csParam[7] contains the LSB of the Media Catalog Number data.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Media Catalog Number data successfully retrieved, or no MCN was found on the disc.

 

paramErr

Tried to execute this audio operation on a data track.



ReadISRC

The purpose of this call is to allow an application access to the International Standard Recording Code information for a specified track on a disc. For more information about the ISRC, please refer to ISO 10149. The output format was changed from binary data to a Pascal string beginning with driver version 5.0. Applications can check the upper bit of csParam[0] for the TCVal bit. If set, the application can use the version 4.0 output format. If the TCVal is not set but the upper byte in csParam[0] is not equal to zero, then the application can use the version 5.0 output.

Notes:

This command is not available on the AppleCD SC.

 

Driver version 4.0.X does not return the correct ISRC data when using an AppleCD 300.


Input Parameters:

 

csCode

111

 

csParam[0]

A track number (in BCD).

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved (ISRC data will be returned here).


Output Produced (version 5.X):

 

csParam[0-6]:

Pascal string containing the ISRC. If the string length (upper eight bits of csParam[0]) is zero, an ISRC was not found for the specified track.


Output Produced (version 4.X):

 

csParam[0]:[15-8]

TCVal bit (bit 15). If this bit is set to one, then the ISRC data was found for the specified track and the rest of the returned fields are valid. If this bit is set to zero, then the ISRC data was not found for the specified track and the rest of the returned fields are invalid.

 

csParam[0]:[7-0]

MSB of the ISRC data for the specified track if the TCVal bit is set.

 

csParam[1-7]

Contains the rest of the ISRC data if the TCVal bit is set. The LSB of csParam[7] contains the LSB of the ISRC data.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

ISRC data successfully retrieved.

 

paramErr

Tried to execute this audio operation on a data track.



ReadAudioVolume

The purpose of this call is to return the current audio volume control data for the drive.

Notes:

This call can be used even if no disc is mounted.

 

This call is not available on the AppleCD SC.


Input Parameters:

 

csCode

112

 

csParam[0]

Reserved (Audio Volume data will be returned here).

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]:15-8

The left channel volume (0-FFh).

 

csParam[0]:7-0

The right channel volume (0-FFh).

Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Status information successfully read.



GetSpindleSpeed

The purpose of this call is to return the current rotational speed of the drive. This call always return 00 on normal speed (1X) drives, like the Apple AppleCD SC and AppleCD SC Plus/AppleCD 150.

Input Parameters:

 

 

csCode

113

 

 

csParam[0]

Reserved (Speed information will be returned here).

 

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]

The current rotational speed:

 

 

00

Normal speed.

 

 

FF

Maximum speed.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Speed information successfully read.



SetSpindleSpeed

The purpose of this call is to set the rotational speed of the drive. This call will return paramErr for an AppleCD SC or AppleCD SC Plus/AppleCD 150 if the input parameter is not 00 (normal speed).

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

114

 

csParam[0]

Speed setting:

 

 

00

Normal speed

 

 

FF

Maximum speed

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Rotational speed successfully set.

 

paramErr

An invalid speed setting was specified.



ReadAudio

The purpose of this call is to read digital audio and/or subcode data from the disc into a specified buffer. The starting audio address may be specified in one of three formats (see the "Audio Play Modes" at the beginning of this document for more information).

There are four possible formats for the audio data that is returned:

Type Values

Description

0

Audio data only--2352 bytes per audio block.

1

Audio data with Q-subcode--2352 audio bytes, 10 bytes Q-subcode,and 6 zero bytes = 2368 bytes per block.

2

Audio data with all subcode data (P~W)--2352 audio bytes and 96 subcode bytes = 2448 bytes per block.

3

All subcode data only (P~W)--96 subcode bytes per block.


The position of an audio block cannot be determined exactly. Thus, two ReadAudio calls with the same starting address will not necessarily return the same data in the same position. Typically the data will be shifted up to 1.5 frames (3528 bytes). To read large sections of audio data using multiple ReadAudio calls and not have a gap are overlap in the audio data, the ReadAudio calls must occur frequently enough to prevent the internal drive buffer from overflowing. If the Macintosh is too slow, a controlErr will be returned along with the audio data. The controlErr indicates that the audio data just received has a gap or overlap in it.

For type 2 and type 3, the P- and Q-subcodes are accurately aligned to the CD block boundary, but the R- through W-subcodes may be offset by one pack (i.e. 24 subcode bytes) from the P- and Q-subcodes. Thus, in any 96-byte subcode data from block n, the last 24 bytes contain R- through W-subcodes from the next block (n+1).

The current volume setting has no effect on the audio data that is returned. When using ReadAudio with type 3, the audio is played through any connected speakers. The audio can be muted to avoid hearing anything while reading the subcode data. For types 0, 1, and 2 the data rate can be adjusted by changing the drive speed prior to calling ReadAudio. For type 3 only, subcode data is always transferred at an average throughput of 150 KBytes per second.

This call is not supported by AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus/AppleCD 150. Most ATAPI drives will not support ReadAudio type 1, 2 or 3.

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

115

 

csParam[0]

Audio Type (see above)

 

csParam[1-2]

The address of the buffer to return the requested information.

 

csParam[3]

The starting address type (see "Optical Positioning Types" at the beginning of this document for more information).

 

csParam[4-5]

32-bit value representing the start address required by the corresponding type value in csParam[3].

 

csParam[6]

The number of consecutive audio blocks to return.

 

csParam[7-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Audio data successfully retrieved.

 

paramErr

An invalid audio type, address type, or audio address specified or tried to execute this audio operation on a data track.



ReadAllSubcodes

The purpose of this call is to read consecutive blocks of subcode information (P~W) as the drive is playing audio. When one of the commands is issued that begins playing audio, the subcode information corresponding to the audio blocks is stored in a buffer within the drive. ReadAllSubcodes retrieves the subcode information from this buffer. If the number of subcode blocks requested exceeds the quantity currently in the buffer, the control call waits until more subcode blocks are available before returning data. An option allows any subcode data currently in the buffer to be purged, allowing the host to re-synchronize to the latest subcode data.

If the Macintosh does not send ReadAllSubcode requests frequently enough, a controlErr will be returned indicating that the internal drive buffer overflowed and some subcode data was lost. A ReadAllSubcodes call must be made with the purge parameter set to clear the overflow condition.

Note: The R- through W-subcodes that are returned are accurately aligned to the CD block boundary, but the P- and Q-subcodes may be offset by one pack (i.e. 24 subcode bytes) from the R- through W-subcodes. Thus, in any 96-byte subcode data from block n, the first 24 bytes may contain the P and Q subcodes from the previous block (n-1).


This call is not supported by AppleCD SC, AppleCD SC Plus/AppleCD 150. Most ATAPI drives will not support this call.

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

116

 

csParam[0-1]

The address of the buffer to return the requested subcode blocks.

 

csParam[2]

A boolean value indicating whether the current information in the drive buffer should be purged before retrieving any subcode data:

 

 

0

retrieve buffered subcode blocks

 

 

¬0

delete any blocks in the subcode buffer and wait for new data

 

csParam[3]

The number of consecutive subcode blocks (96 bytes per block) to return.

 

csParam[4-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Audio data successfully retrieved.

 

controlErr

A buffer overflow occurred during the ReadAllSubcodes command execution.

 

paramErr

Audio operation on a data track.



SetTrackList

The purpose of this call is to indicate to the driver the order in which audio tracks will be played. This ordering is passed in as a pointer to an array (of bytes)--called the track play list--containing the track numbers in the order they should be played. The track play list should have a maximum of 99 entries. The driver verifies that all elements in the track play list are valid.

The proper way to use the audio track list related commands is:

·

First, use the SetTrackList command to send to the driver an audio track list defining the order in which you want the audio tracks to be played.

·

Next, specify where the audio playback should stop, by issuing an AudioPlay command to mark the last track in the list to be played.

·

Next (optionally), to pre-position the optical pick-up on the track in the list where the audio playback should start, by issuing an AudioTrackSearch command and entering the "pause" state.

·

At this point, playback can then be started by an AudioPlay or AudioTrackSearch command, and the drive will play audio until it finishes the track marked by the first AudioPlay command.


All AudioPlay and AudioTrackSearch commands issued should use the optical positioning type (csParam[0]) set to 3 so the address field (csParam[1-2]) can be interpreted as an index into the driver's audio track play list.

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

122

 

csParam[0]

Length of the new track play list (must be less than 100).

 

csParam[1-2]

Pointer to new track play list.

 

csParam[3-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Track list data successfully set.

 

paramErr

Either (1) the pointer to track list wasn't provided by the client code, (2) at least one element of the play list wasn't valid, or (3) more than 99 elements were passed in.



GetTrackList

Retrieve the current track play list from driver (see SetTrackList command).

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

123

 

csParam[0]

Reserved (Length of current track play list will be returned here).

 

csParam[1-2]

The address of a buffer to return the current track play list data.

 

csParam[3-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]

Length of current track play list.

 

csParam[1-2]

The address of the buffer containing the current track play list data.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

Track list data successfully retrieved.

 

paramErr

Pointer to track list wasn't provided by the client code.



GetTrackIndex

Return the current track play list index. The AudioPlay and AudioTrack Search commands set track play list index when called with optical positioning type (csParam[0]) set to 3. The AudioStop command and Prime calls (i.e., Read) will stop audio play and reset the track play list index (to -1).

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

124

 

csParam[0]

Reserved (Current track index will be returned here).

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]

The current track index.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



SetPlayMode

The CD-ROM driver can set the CD-ROM drive to play audio from a start address to an end address (kNormalMode), to randomly shuffle between tracks (kShuffleMode), or to play tracks in a specified order (kProgMode). For kNormalMode and kProgMode, play can be extended by repeating the tracks.

The SetPlayMode command is used to set the track play mode and the repeat mode.

The three possible track play modes are:

 

 

kNormalMode

0

 

 

kShuffleMode

1

 

 

kProgMode

2


Input Parameters:

 

cscode

125

 

 

csParam[0]:15-8

The repeat flag:

 

 

 

 

True -- Repeat function is on.

 

 

 

 

False -- Repeat function is off.

 

 

csParam[0]:7-0

The track play mode.

 

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.

 


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



GetPlayMode

Return current settings for repeat and track play mode (see SetPlayMode).

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

126

 

csParam[0]

Reserved (Track play mode will be returned here).

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]:15-8

The repeat flag:

 

 

 

True -- Repeat function is on.

 

 

 

False -- Repeat function is off.

 

csParam[0]:7-0

The track play mode.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



GoodBye

Executes necessary cleanup before system shutdown.

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

-1

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.


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Status Call Descriptions


DriveStatus

The purpose of this call is to return information about the drive/disc as described in Inside Macintosh, Volume II, page 215.

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

8

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved (On exit, contains information that maps to the DrvSts record/structure).


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]

Current track( always 0.

 

csParam[1]:15

Volume locked bit:

 

 

0 (volume not locked)

 

 

1 (volume locked)

 

csParam[1]:7-0

Disc in place:

 

 

0 (disc not in drive)

 

 

1 (disc in drive)

 

csParam[2]:15-8

Drive installed (always 1).

 

csParam[2]:7

Sides flag (always 0) (single-sided).

 

csParam[2]:6-0

Number of sides (always 1) (single-sided).

 

csParam[3-4]

Next queue entry (always 0).

 

csParam[5]

Reserved.

 

csParam[6]

Drive number.

 

csParam[7]

Drive reference number.

 

csParam[8]

File system identifier (always 1).

 

csParam[9] 15-8

Two-sided format (always 0) (single-sided).

 

csParam[9] 7-0

Reserved.

 

csParam[10]

Disk error count (always 0).


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



DriverGestalt

The purpose of this call is to return Gestalt-type information about the driver itself.

Currently defined driverGestalt selectors are:

 

driverGestaltSyncResponse = sync; //

True if the driver only behaves synchronously.

 

driverGestaltVersResponse = vers; //

Version number of the driver (First 4 bytes of the vers #1 resource).

 

driverGestaltIntfResponse = intf; //

Physical interface to device.

 

driverGestaltDevTResponse = devt; //

Type of device the driver is driving.

 

driverGestaltBootResponse = boot; //

PRAM value to designate this driver/drive. Valid only for ATAPI drives or when SCSI Manager 4.3 is active.


The following response buffers are defined for the driverGestalt selectors:

struct driverGestaltSyncResponse
{
    Boolean behavesSynchronously; // true/false = sync/async
};
typedef struct driverGestaltSyncResponse driverGestaltSyncResponse

struct driverGestaltVersResponse
{
    NumVersion driverVersion;
};
typedef struct driverGestaltVersResponse driverGestaltVersResponse

struct driverGestaltIntfResponse
{
    OSType interfaceType; // 'scsi' or 'atpi'
};
typedef struct driverGestaltIntfResponse driverGestaltIntfResponse

struct driverGestaltDevTResponse
{
    OSType deviceType; // 'cdrm'
};
typedef struct driverGestaltDevTResponse driverGestaltDevTResponse

typedef struct
{
    unsigned char extDev;   // SCSI = Target (upper 5 bits)
                            // SCSI = LUN (lower 3 bits)
                            // ATAPI = Bus
    unsigned char partition; // Unused
    unsigned char SIMSlot;  // SCSI = Slot
                            // ATAPI = 0x20 (internal ATA)
    unsigned char SIMsRSRC; // SCSI = sRsrcID
                            // ATAPI = 0 (unused)
} driverGestaltBootResponse;

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

43

 

csParam[0-1]

driverGestaltSelector

 

csParam[2-3]

Reserved (driverGestaltResponse data will be returned here).

 

csParam[4-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[2-3]:

driverGestaltResponse


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



GetPowerMode

The purpose of this call is to return the current power mode of a CD-ROM drive (see SetPowerMode).

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

70

 

csParam[0-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]:15-8

The current power mode.

Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

This is the only possible status return code.



Get2KOffset

The purpose of this call is to return information to the caller that allows subsequent Prime calls to be aligned to the 2K physical block size of the CD-ROM. This can be used in applications (e.g., QuickTime) to increase streaming performance by avoiding data requests that span across a 2K-disc block. This call returns the number of bytes between the beginning of the 2K physical block and the first byte read in the previous Prime call. Possible values are 0, 512, 1024, and 1536. For example, if a Prime call causes a read of the last 512 bytes within a 2K physical block, this call will return 3 x 512 = 1536 bytes. This is the offset from the beginning of the 2K block to the start of the first data byte read. Note that this call assumes that the file system actually makes a Prime call and that a file system cache did not fill the read request.

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

95

 

csParam[0-1]:

Reserved (on exit contains 2K offset).

 

csParam[2-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0-1]

The offset between the beginning of the 2K physical block and the first byte of the last read call.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

The offset for the specified device ID was returned.

 

statusErr

Prime was not previously called.



GetDriveType

The purpose of this call is to return to the caller the type of CD-ROM drive located at the specified device ID.

Note: Applications should begin using the new GetCDFeatures call instead of GetDriveType.

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

96

 

csParam[0]:

Reserved (on exit contains the type of CD-ROM drive).

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]

A code indicating the type of CD-ROM drive located at the specified device ID. These codes are defined as follows:

 

 

1 -- Drive is an AppleCD SC

 

 

2 -- Drive is an AppleCD SC Plus / AppleCD 150

 

 

3 -- Drive is an AppleCD 300 or newer (multiple speed drives)

Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

The drive type for the specified device ID was returned.

 

statusErr

The specified device ID is not a CD-ROM drive.



GetBlockSize

The purpose of this call is to return to the caller the current block size of the CD-ROM drive.

Note: If the user has set the block size to 512, but the driver has set the actual block size to 2048 and does the 2048-byte to 512-byte conversion, this call will return 512 as the current block size.

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

98

 

csParam[0]

Reserved (on exit, it contains the block size).

 

csParam[1-10]

Reserved.

Output Produced:

 

csParam[0]

The block size of the disc inserted in the specified device ID.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

The block size of the disc in the specified device ID was returned.



ReturnDeviceIdent

The purpose of this call is to return the DeviceIdent for the CD-ROM drive being controlled by this instance (entry in the unit table) of the driver. This call was first available in driver version 5.0.

The following is the format of the DeviceIdent:

struct DeviceIdent {
  UInt8      diReserved;     /* reserved               */
  UInt8      bus;            /* SCSI - Bus Number      */
  UInt8      targetID;       /* SCSI - Target SCSI ID  */
  UInt8      LUN;            /* SCSI - LUN             */
};
typedef struct DeviceIdent DeviceIdent;

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

120

 

csParam[0-1]

Reserved (DeviceIdent will be returned here).

 

csParam[2-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0-1]:

The DeviceIdent.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

The DeviceIdent was returned.



GetCDFeatures

The purpose of this call is to determine the features of a particular CD-ROM drive. Prior to driver version 5.0, this was done using the GetDriveType status call, which returned a specific model of CD-ROM drive. This makes client code difficult to maintain since it must be modified each time a new CD-ROM drive is introduced. To alleviate this problem, the features of the device have been broken out into testable bits.

A fixed point number containing the sustained transfer rate of the drive relative to an AppleCD 150 is also included (e.g., AppleCD 300 Plus = 2.0, AppleCD 150 = 1.0).

This information is returned in the following structure:

struct CDDeviceCharacteristics
{
    unsigned char speedMajor;   // High byte of fixed point speed
    unsigned char speedMinor;   // Low byte of fixed point speed.
    unsignedshort cdFlags;      // Flags for features of this drive
};
typedef struct CDDeviceCharacteristics CDDeviceCharacteristics;

enum /* Flags for CD Features field */
{
    cdPowerInject       = 0,    // device supports power inject of media
    cdNotPowerEject     = 1,    // device does not support power eject of media
    cdMute              = 2,    // device supports audio channels muting
    cdLeftToChannel     = 3,    // device supports left channel only mono audio
    cdRightToChannel    = 4,    // device supports right channel only mono audio
    cdLeftPlusRight     = 5,    // device supports left + right channels mono audio
    cdSCSI_2            = 10,   // device supports SCSI2 command set (SCSI only)
    cdStereoVolume      = 11,   // device supports independent volume per channel
    cdDisconnect        = 12,   // device supports disconnect / reconnect (SCSI only)
    cdWriteOnce         = 13,   // device is a write-once type of drive

    cdPowerInject_Mask    = 1 << cdPowerInject,
    cdNotPowerEject_Mask  = 1 << cdNotPowerEject,
    cdMute_Mask           = 1 << cdMute,
    cdLeftToChannel_Mask  = 1 << cdLeftToChannel,
    cdRightToChannel_Mask = 1 << cdRightToChannel,
    cdLeftPlusRight_Mask  = 1 << cdLeftPlusRight,
    cdSCSI_2_Mask         = 1 << cdSCSI_2,
    cdStereoVolume_Mask   = 1 << cdStereoVolume,
    cdDisconnect_Mask     = 1 << cdDisconnect,
    cdWriteOnce_Mask      = 1 << cdWriteOnce
};

Input Parameters:

 

cscode

121

 

csParam[0-1]

Reserved (CD-ROM drive features will be returned here).

 

csParam[2-10]

Reserved.


Output Produced:

 

csParam[0-1]:

The CD-ROM drive features as defined above.


Status Return Codes:

 

noErr

The CD-ROM drive features were returned.


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References

AppleCD SC Developer's Guide, Second Edition

Apple CD-ROM Handbook (Addison-Wesley)

Breaking Through: A Technical Guide for the Design and Development of CD-ROMs (Apple Multimedia Program - 030-0879-A)

CD-ROM and the Macintosh Computer, on the Developer CD series

Inside Macintosh: Devices

ISO 10149 Information technology - Data interchange on read-only 120 mm optical data disks (CD-ROM) ("Yellow Book")

CEI IEC 908 Compact Disc digital audio system ("Red Book")

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Change History

01-September-1998

Added Quiescence mode.

01-May-1994

Added power management, play list calls and an icon for CD-Extra discs, which is available starting in version 5.1.X of the Apple CD-ROM driver extension. Removed SCSI-specific calls and support for block sizes of 256 and 1024 bytes/block, which are not available starting in version 5.2.X of the Apple CD-ROM driver extension. Fixed the definition of the "CD Features" flags in GetCDFeatures. Corrected some minor errors.


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